Browsing AESOP Annual Congresses by Author "Arts, Jos"
Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
Results Per Page
Item Open AccessBuilding resilience through collective learning in project-oriented organizations in infrastructure planning(AESOP, 2019) De Groot, Bert; Wim Leendertse; Arts, JosThe performance of existing main transport infrastructure networks in The Netherlands is currently being challenged by for example climate change, new mobility technologies, ageing infrastructure and energy transition. These challenges call for an adaptive approach towards existing and new infrastructure. One way is to make physical infrastructure itself more resilient, another way is to create organizational resilience. Literature describes learning as a key element in organizational resilience. Most infrastructure network agencies are organized in a project-oriented way and consist of multiple projects and a parent organization. However, how do projects learn from each other and how does the whole organization learn from projects? This paper aims to enhance the understanding of collective learning and resilience of project-oriented organizations within the domain of infrastructure planning at three distinctive levels: within a single project, between multiple projects, and between projects and their parent organization. Findings are based on an in-depth case study at Rijkswaterstaat - the executive agency of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management in The Netherlands. The study uses Social Network Analysis to analyse the observed network. Based on this study, it seems that collective learning in project-oriented organizations still remains limited despite the urgency of it. Publication Open AccessHow to connect freight logistics, persons mobility, and spatial planning in and between urban regions? Perspectives from different European urban nodes on TEN-T corridors(AESOP, 2019) Linssen, Raymond; De Bruijn, Martijn; Poppeliers, Ricardo; Arts, JosEuropean urban nodes are vital for the effectiveness of the European core transport network (TEN-T), for passengers and freight transport. Yet, this role also comes with challenges regarding liveability, a battle for space with other functions in densely populated and growing urban nodes. Effective solutions should be designed at the level of the functional urban area of freight and logistics which exist at a different spatial scale from a passenger transport perspective, as examples of Vienna and Rotterdam illustrate. Urban nodes that are stimulating multi-modality ambitions and solutions should include freight and logistics. Regional opportunities for transit oriented development (TOD) could be combined with potential freight hubs, logistics oriented development (LOD). Initiatives can be taken within the urban nodes as well as on the corridor between the urban nodes, as is illustrated by several examples (Venlo (NL) and Lauterbourg (FR)) that relieve spatial and transport pressure in Rotterdam respectively Strasbourg. European tools and funding exist that could support urban nodes in dealing with these complex challenges and investment needs, both from transport and regional policy. An analysis of the STRAT-Board database shows that ESI funds are used by the majority of urban nodes for investments in mobility and infrastructure.. Publication Open AccessRedevelopment of Transport Infrastructure as Driver for Accelerating Societal Transitions A Regenerative Perspective on Infrastructure Planning(AESOP, 2022) Leendertse, Wim; Arts, Jos; Busscher, TimThe planning and development of transport infrastructure networks increasingly involves environmental degradation, climatic impacts and societal trends. However, infrastructure planning has mainly focused on the gradual improvement and expansion of transport infrastructure networks themselves. In practice, infrastructure planners have rarely reflected on the role of infrastructure networks in enabling or constraining broader sustainability transitions. This may be about to change. In many Western countries transport infrastructure networks have been developed in the early to mid-twentieth century and much infrastructure approaches its ‘best before’ date and enters the phase of transition and renewal. That much transport infrastructure is physically deteriorating and changing as a result of ageing is clear: in the USA a considerable part of the 1 trillion dollar Infrastructure Plan of the Biden administration will be invested into infrastructure renewal, in Germany plans are afoot to increase investments into the renewal of the railway network of over 50% up to 86 billion euro, and in the Netherlands the Replacement and Renovation Program of Rijkswaterstaat of 1 billion euro a year is expected to grow vastly (Hijdra et al., 2015). The significant need of infrastructure refurbishment presents a ‘window of opportunity’ to broaden the infrastructure redevelopment options in order to enable wider sustainability transitions. That is, transport infrastructure renewal could create conditions favouring, for example, on-going transitions such as the energy transition or the transition towards a circular economy. A growing amount of literature emphasizes that investments in the transport infrastructure network can be utilized as a driver for accelerating wider transitions (e.g., Hijdra et al., 2015; Leendertse et al., 2016; Arts et al. 2021). Given the fact that transport infrastructure investments are often location-specific and project-based, it is important to not only focus on the institutional conditions of the infrastructure system in isolation, but more focus on how transport infrastructure renewal projects relate to spatial developments instigated on the basis of transitions in other systems. Publication Open AccessRoom for Uncertainty in Infrastructure Planning How Continuous Certainification by Decision Makers Results in More Uncertainty(AESOP, 2022) Veenma, Klaas; Leendertse, Wim; Arts, JosInfrastructure planning is increasingly confronted with a dynamic environment and an engaged society. This necessitates decision makers to interact with their environment, resulting in the adoption of adaptive and participative planning approaches such as combined infrastructure and (organic) area development (De Roo et al., 2020). Giving room to stakeholders and to unforeseen developments implies incorporating uncertainty in planning and decision making and increases the complexity of planning. In current infrastructure planning, decision makers seem to struggle to find a balance between giving room to uncertainties on the one hand, and keeping the decision-making process manageable on the other hand. This often results in attempts to reduce uncertainties, in 'certainification' (Van Asselt et al., 2007; Klijn & Koppenjan, 2016). This focus on certainification prevents adaptive and participative approaches in planning from reaching full maturity (Hajer et al., 2010; Albrechts, 2012). This paper is based on a recent study Item Open AccessSustainable and connected infrastructure networks and urban regions – transition towards integrated planning of urban nodes on TEN-T corridors(AESOP, 2019) Arts, Jos; Van der Linden, Kevin; Van der Werfa, SjaakAchieving a smart, green and integrated transport system is essential for the (social) economic and environmental vitality of European urban regions. In order to better integrate urban nodes into TEN-T corridors, the challenges of multimodal connections between long-distance and last-mile transport have to be tackled from both freight and passengers’ perspective. Different spatial scales, modalities, sectors and stakeholders have to be taken into account when improving mobility, infrastructure and spatial development in both urban nodes and corridors. To tackle these challenges a research programme has been developed, supported by EU’s Horizon2020 (Vital Nodes), which analyses best practices, experiences and opportunities in various urban nodes in Europe. This paper addresses the approach deployed by the Vital Nodes-project to integrate investments in mobility, infrastructure and urban development from (inter)national/corridor, regional and local perspectives. To this end, the paper discusses results from case studies in urban nodes as Gothenburg, Vienna, Rotterdam, Genova, Strasbourg, Turku, Hamburg, Budapest and Mannheim and related TEN-T corridors, including an analysis addressing their main challenges. The paper concludes by exploring the main elements of such transition that will improve the integration of urban areas into the TEN-T corridors and the vitality of the urban regions of tomorrow.