Social perspectives of urban regeneration on neighborhood-scale: the case of Spanish quarters in Naples

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Social cohesion became a key issue for the European urban policies, supported by programmes aimed to the regeneration of deprived areas through a participatory approach (Fioretti, 2015). The social issue was definitely introduced into the debate about urban regeneration in the first half of 1990s, also because during the previous two decades, several urban areas across Europe experienced economic, social and environmental disadvantages (Wacquant, 2008; Cremaschi and Eckardt, 2011; et. al.). Within the urban regeneration policies and strategic planning cultural framework of the 1990s, «stakeholders involvements and civic participation in the public decision-making were often introduced by local governments as policy tools, through which to guide the urban transformation processes» (Saporito, 2016:8). The trend was to convert participatory practices from episodic experiences to ordinary institutionalized practices in order to set up inclusive practices and collaborative tables among the complex network of stakeholders. Within this framework, the urban regeneration of those deprived urban areas looks at the social cohesion, in order to generate not only physical and urban transformations, but also to produce wellbeing, working on the improvement of local milieu and local resources, deterred by social exclusion processes that cross a vulnerable neighborhood. The attention to the participatory and inclusive practices paved the way for a combined policy framework between urban renewal and social cohesion, where the urban regeneration process can be defined through an area-based approach focused on the social issues, looking at the local welfare system (Andreotti et. al, 2012; Bifulco, 2015), that can be developed in order to generate well-being.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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