The plight of the "Chinese-style peasant economy" in the development of rural tourism

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Rural tourism industry brought many undisputable economic benefits to Chinese villages and farmers, which accounted for nearly a third of the economic benefits of the total Chinese tourism market. However, rural tourism has brought intense impact to the "Chinese-style peasant economy" structure, which is the China’s rural stable reservoir in the development of Chinese modernization. The rural tourism development pattern, including scale development, diverse planning and market-oriented, have a conflict with the. Chinese-style peasant economy., which is charactered by management dispersion, land use fragmentation and villagers’ self-administration. The paper researched the plight of "Chinese style peasant economy" in the development of rural tourism, and further studied the contributions of planning. Firstly, the necessity of the "Chinese-style peasant economy" structure in Chinese villages was proposed. Secondly, the traditional production pattern was broken due to the non-coupling between the rural tourism and the "Chinese-style peasant economy". Therefore, the peasant lost the elastic space and flexible choice in the development of rural tourism. Finally, the responsibility of planning in protecting the "Chinese-style peasant economy" structure was discussed. The multiple interests should be harmonized in rural tourism by planning. In particular, farmers. interests could be guaranteed and maximized by means of clarifying the land right, protecting rural space and guiding the cooperation.
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