Study on living space and community attachment of the three gorges migrants - a comparison between migrants resettled nearby and relocated outside

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China has a large number of migrations organized by the government, mainly for engineering, ecology and poverty alleviation. The project of resettlement has great significance in politics, economy, society and other aspects. Previous research on migration is mostly based on the survey of economic income and social adaptability, instead of living space and community attachment. These fields have a bearing on the vital interests of migrants, and play definitive roles in the living quality and dignity after relocation. The migrants of the Three Gorges are chosen as the object of study, because of their symbolic significance and the large number of migration samples. The migration is divided into two modes: 79% are resettled nearby, and 21% are relocated outside (Shanghai, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Hunan and so on), then four groups of sites are selected as the research destinations. The study records the forms of living space of the migrants’ present and original residences, (the submerged areas are consulted according to the surrounding villages.) and induces residential features, street forms, housing forms, social and economic characteristics. Furthermore, communications with migrants show their living conditions and community attachment, and the evaluation of living space before and after the migration. The investigation of the two modes of migration reflects the great influence of the living space and community attachment on the stability of migrants. The living space of migrants resettled nearby changes to a lesser extent, thus leads to faster life adaptation, but there are still problems of integration into city life; migrants relocated outside face obvious differences in living space, difficult community culture, hence the lifestyle changes significantly. The humanistic construction method of the immigrant community, as well as the adjustment of the social psychology, determines the success or failure of the migration project, and the maximization of the dignity of the migrants, in order to properly arrange this special group.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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