Correlation Studies on Residential Pattern and Carbon Emissions from Residents Transportation: A Case Study on Shanghai Caoyang Xincun

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Population density is relevant to the residence form characteristics and pattern classification, and the carbon emission from residential transportation is logically correlate with population density, facilities variety and traffic site distance. Existing related research shows that urban form cause influence on transportation and carbon emissions, however, on the part of residential scale, the relative research on spatial form and per capita transportation carbon emission still needs more empirical cases. This paper takes Shanghai Caoyang Xincun as the object, researches on the carbon emission with "3Ds" theory, through the investigation questionnaire to estimate the per capita transportation carbon emission of 54 estates sample. From the comparative analysis of the results, the volume ratio of Caoyang Xincun and population density present positive correlation with transportation carbon emissions per capita, but negative correlation with facilities variety. Considering settlements residents of social economy and traffic facilities layout unbalanced factors of traffic sites and accessibility and negatively correlation with transportation per capita carbon emissions. According to the analysis from the logical correlation between the carbon emission and eight residential patterns in the sample, it is concluded that the diversity of per capita transportation carbon emissions is caused by the superposition of variety of socioeconomic and travel needs of the spatial behaviour main body. Before the judgment of low-carbon estate pattern, the structural characteristics of spatial density and society should be clarified first, then the national conditions, regional development condition; socioeconomic factors need to be combined to guide the development of future residential pattern.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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