Use and design of neighborhood parks as parochial realms by mothers and elderly: a case study in Izmir, Turkey

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Neighborhoods parks are core living environments that create an important part of the public life which help to fulfill residents’ social needs and satisfaction through social relations of neighborliness and familiarity. Neighborhood parks can ideally provide various opportunities for the well-being of especially those whose daily lives are bounded to their place-of-residence, such as women, children and elderly people. In fact, they can be used as parochial realms by these “groups-in-need.” In daily life, however, not all of these groups do and can use neighborhood parks in the ways as desired, because the access to park use is not equitable among all. In order to improve urban planning and urban design strategies that support equitable access to neighborhood parks, we need to investigate the factors causing inequitable access to the use of neighborhood parks and especially how neighborhood parks evolve on daily basis as the parochial realms by the groups-in-need. Literature mostly tends to analyze neighborhood parks as public realms. However, as Bose (2005) also state studies that are limited to “binary conceptualization (public-private)” loose the interconnections between public and private realms and obscure the experiences of women in betwen these realms as (Bose, 2005). So this study considers that especially “groups-in-need” use neighborhood parks as their parochial realm. Ultimately, the physical and social factors that cause these perceptions should be investigated.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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