A study on the urban structural characteristics of central living street for population density management: through comparative analysis of natural origin and planning center

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The city road plays an important role in urban space as a space where daily life and various activities take place. However, in this space, population density management is important in terms of infectious disease management and urban revitalization at the same time as areas where a large population is active. By comparing actual urban user data (POI), urban structural spatial characteristics, and floating population data, we intend to derive the characteristics of urban space in which actual users are active. The above study is of important significance in urban risk management by studying the relationship between the morphological structure of urban streets and the urban center. POI-intensive areas were selected for the entire Seoul Metropolitan Government to compare the urban structural differences between naturally occurring cities and planned centers through POI. Among the POI concentrated areas, Eulji-ro was the naturally occurring city, and Seolleung was selected as the planning center. POI data was visualized through GIS based on 2022 data, using a public data portal provided by the government. This study is basically based on multiple regression analysis. By setting the indicators of spatial syntax as major independent variables and POI-related variables as dependent variables, we would like to find out the impact of the physical structure of the city on people's behavior patterns. As a result, many POIs were located in areas with high integration and connection, and the back street was found to be a POI-intensive area. The degree of integration of the naturally occurring area (Eulji-ro) was correlated with integration only in 800M units, and for the central street with high integration and connection, the back street with low integration and high connection compared to the central street was POI dense. Through this study, it provides an analysis framework for urban planning and location preferences in compact urban centers. In addition, the planning effect was proved through an empirical analysis between the urban center and the pedestrian-centered urban plan. This can suggest a planning direction when creating a walking environment through the development or redevelopment of a new city in the future. Keywords: Urban Structure, Center, Population Density, POI, Space Syntax
Book of proceedings: 35th AESOP Annual Congress Integrated planning in a world of turbulence, Łódź, 11-15th July, 2023
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