Urban green spaces in transition: Urban socialecological resilience in the region Frankfurt Rhine- Main—A review

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This study reviews the fundamental literature and emphasizes the significance of urban green spaces (UGSs) of the studied case, the Frankfurt Rhine-Main region (FRM). UGSs as natural resources provide benefits against main climate-related urban hazards—floods, droughts, and heat waves—and are considered as essential components of climate adaptation. Also, UGSs are spatial resources for densification, a key instrument against sprawl. UGSs’ competing functions cause urban land-use conflict in many growing metropolitan regions. FRM, with its increased frequency, randomness, and severity of climate hazards and peaking rates of housing demand, is no exception to this trend. In this study, the literature review is guided by a conceptual framework which assigns urban land-use competition as the point of departure and the concepts of regional economic development and environmental protection as entry points to urban social-ecological resilience. Although resilience, as a theory of social-ecological system property, is already studied extensively, it still needs to be unpacked to be operationalized in planning practice. This work looks at the links among theory, policy, and practice and suggests that resilience is most purposeful when it is approached rather as an integral process to planning and management than an end destination. (195 words)
urban green spaces, urban social-ecological resilience, urban transformations, Frankfurt Rhine-Main