Publication: The economic crisis modelling the territorial cohesion : The French case
The economic and financial crisis since 2007 was a brake on economic growth, accompanied by a reduction in public and private investment. In addition, the European Union lost weight in a globalized economy. The development and application of the principle of competitiveness seeks to counteract the negative effects of the crisis. To this end, it moves not only to the economic and business sphere, but also to the territorial context. Competitive and synergistic territories are now the focus of numerous development and investment policies. However, other territories with characteristics that do not favour investment run the risk of falling behind in a process marked, above all, by innovation. The Eighth Progress Report on economic, social, and territorial cohesion. The regional and urban dimension of the crisis was published in 2013, although it offers information only up to 2011. Its analysis covers aspects such as poverty, social exclusion, the labour market, migration, and regional convergence. From the main conclusions drawn from the study, we will highlight the following. First, the increase in regional divergence after a long period of convergence. They re-emphasize the central pentagon in front of the peripheries, and the urban versus the rural areas. Secondly, the cities present heterogeneous situations, better resisting the large capital cities, even though poverty and social exclusion rates increase within them. About EU Member States, between 2007 and 2011 the countries most affected by the crisis in terms of GDP and the labour market were Latvia, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Estonia, and Spain. Portugal, Denmark, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, and Slovenia also suffered a high impact of the crisis.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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