The development and impacts of cultural urban regeneration in Beijing-with culture quarter, 798 art district as example

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Urban regeneration and cultural urban regeneration are familiar terms in the western planning field, because of the long-term practices and researches. According to academics, cultural urban regeneration is an urban revitalization approach revolving around culture. For instance, the North Quarters in Manchester reconstructed and transformed from cotton manufacturing into a cultural quarter, providing job opportunities, forming galleries and workshops clusters, fostering multi-culture inclusion and beautifying the environment. The cultural quarter which gathers cultural activities, production and consumption in previous dilapidated place has been practiced rather successfullyin western cities. Factually, homogeneity, over-commercialization, gentrification, disparity of society and short-term effects are also appeared in cultural quarters in the late development stage. For many developing countries where urbanization and urban regeneration are underway at same time; the “cultural urban regeneration” is an advanced term which requires explanation, analysis and discussion. As the world’s fastest urbanized developing country, China faces emerging urban problems such as economic structure transformation, environment pollution and heritage conservation. In recent 10 years, more cultural events and cultural projects are held or constructed in Beijing and attract attentions from international planning field. It should be admitted that the political, economic and social contexts in Beijing are distinct with western cities; thus, whether the concepts of cultural urban regeneration and cultural quarter practice in Beijing should be proved
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