Fall of Traditional Settlements and Countermeasures of Contemporary Planning

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Over the past three decades. modernization in China, the traditional settlement precious resources of both culture heritage and tourism have increasingly gained favor of tourism and entertainment. Consequently, the settlements gained profit for its resident while faced with a conflict from three aspects. First, contradiction between the residents. demand for modern and authentic feature continuation; second, contradiction between tourism’s demand and authentic feature continuation; thirdly, the authentic feature have to remain as exactly the core value and sustainable dynamics of this area. Therefore, planning have to consider an approach balancing resource conservation, economic development and living conditions improvement. The paper takes a comprehensive view of the development trend taking the traditional settlements in the Ancient Huizhou Area as an example, trying to build the framework for the traditional settlements preservation that well balances the three aspects mentioned and guide further projects. Framework building is based on careful investigation in which summarizes the central features and typology along with the all the settlements' layout database. Then the settlements are classified by their historical value to differentiate the preservation strategies guaranteeing the optimization. According to that we come up with differentiated planning countermeasures for preservation and optimization of their historical value and practical performance. It is concluded that the traditional settlements are classified to six types which are integrity-remained settlement, partially remained settlement, structural remained settlement, environment-remained settlement, limited authentic buildings remained settlement, decaying settlement. And for each typology specific planning disciplines and strategies are proposed.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
traditional settlements in Ancient Huizhou Area, classification methodology, preservation framework
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