А method for mapping the publicity-privacy spectrum in a historical bazaar in iran: illustrating the socio-spatial fabric of the Tabriz bazaar as a public place

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The bazaar is a social and spatial network, shaped through centuries of relations between the bazaar community, the states, the regular public, and other actors, such as the vaqf endowment organisation and the religious clergy. As a commercial centre, urban heritage, and public place, the bazaar is profoundly influenced by the quality and quantity of the presence of regular public members. By reviewing literature presenting empirical studies on the bazaars in Iranian commercial cities such as Tehran, Esfahan and Tabriz, this research has categorised the general types in the spatial, functional, legal, and social aspects of these bazaars (Yadollahi, 2017). Based on these categories and according to the literature on the methods of studying public places , this research has developed a method to study an Iranian bazaar as a public place. After documenting the aspects mentioned above in the Tabriz Bazaar, located in the north-west of Iran, this method is modified specifically for and applied towards this case. The present paper discusses the results of implementing the mapping method on the Tabriz Bazaar. The adaptation of the mentioned method towards the Tabriz Bazaar is based on the data collected through regular ethnographic research in the bazaar between March 2013 and September 2015. Through mapping the functional, physical, legal, and cultural aspects of the involvement of public and private actors in the bazaar, this research addresses the following questions: How can we map the sociospatial fabric of a bazaar as a public place? How can we discover the patterns of spatial distribution of public and private power in a bazaar, considering the four aspects mentioned above? Does crowdedness of a bazaar represent social diversity and equality of all public members in its use and control?
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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