Research on NGO Community Construction Practice Dealing with Rural Decline in China

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Rural decline and rural hollowing has become serious problems in China's rapid urbanization. Since 2000, millions of China’s villages have disappeared while the local culture and folk art traditions attached to them faded away. As a representative of civil society organizations dealing with China’s rural decline, Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) have launched a series of practices. The paper summarizes and analyses the practices process in China’s rural areas conducted by "Beijing Green Cross", a local NGO, comparing the experience of successful and failed projects, to explore the role and responsibilities of NGO in China’s rural decline. This paper is divided into four parts. Firstly, we summarizes the characteristics of China's rural declining areas which mainly indicates the deconstruction of local culture and decay of physical space; secondly, we analysis the process of rural communities project conducted by NGO in rural hollowing areas which is based on rural conditions for development and cooperation with local government. The NGOs improve peasants’ living environments by enhancing rural infrastructure, guide industrial development through establishing villagers' self-government mechanism, and enrich peasants’ spiritual life by creating cultural space. The projects revitalize the rural areas by constructing democracy communities based on peasants’ real demands. The third part concludes the limitation of NGO rural communities including improper methods, misunderstanding of peasants and lack of funds. Fourth, we contrast the positive and negative effects of NGO rural communities and propose the role and responsibilities while dealing with china’s rural declining issues.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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