Flexibility in urban renewal practices: the case of Turkey

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In Turkey, urban planning is provided through the regulatory planning system. However, significant changes in the planning system since 2000 have triggered a shift in the planning system which is defined as regulatory in theory, towards a flexible planning system in practice. A flexible system is also evident in urban renewal practices. Flexibility in urban renewal implementations occurs in two different ways. Firstly, urban renewal practices are excluded from the regulatory planning system due to a projected approach instead of a plan-led approach. Urban renewal practices are applied in accordance with special laws that have been in effect since 2004. These special laws bypass the hierarchy that exists within the regulatory planning system. Moreover, development rights, which are prepared in accordance with the regulatory planning system, expire once an area is declared an urban renewal area. This situation enables a great deal of flexibility in urban renewal practices, in sense of giving of new development rights. Secondly, the legal regulations regarding urban renewal differ from the legal tools of the regulatory planning system in that the former give both the central and local administrations discretionary power on various issues, such as the identification of the renewal area or the completion of the implementation.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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