From silos to integrated collaboration: local policy design as means to promote the collaborative metropolitan governance

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Achieving integrated collaborative governance of multi-sector stakeholders goes beyond setting independently formulated policies across different domains. It entails taking into account a comprehensive approach among different areas of policy at the formulation and implementation stages. For collaborative metropolitan governance pursued at the city level, integrated collaboration means finding development paths that consider synergies and trade-off applicable for different stakeholders at different level. With the process of designing and administering collaboration varies according to the types of policies and institutions adopted in cities, the success of metropolitan-wide collaborative governance depends on the integrated outlook on local policies and institutional architecture. This paper provides an overview of various local policy designs to administer collaboration, and seek to illustrate the policy framework to promote integrated collaborative governance. Four Indonesian metropolitan regions with a total of 23 member cities are observed as comparative case studies. Detailed examination of local institutional structure is conducted to sketch the local institutionalisation on collaborative activities. Despite the similar setup provided by the central government, the comparison of these cases demonstrates a different scale of operation, structure, and policy instruments. Drawing upon work on power dynamics and social relation, this paper illustrates the linkages between the selection of policy instruments and the institutional structure. Our findings point out that the comprehensive approach through coherence policies positively affects the intergovernmental collaboration, a step toward integrated metropolitan collaborative governance. The cross-sectoral collaboration, on the other hand, is affected in a lesser degree.
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