Research on "The trinity model" of the implementation of traditional village planning - A Case Study of the Traditional Village Clay Figure Wang in Wuhan City

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Traditional village represents the root of the Chinese culture and essence of the agricultural civilization, it is an organic combination of material culture and non-material culture which bears the value of history, culture, science, art, social and economics. In recent years, due to external influence and internal imbalance , Chinese traditional village has stepped into a "hollowing out" recession, the number of rural population is declining sharply, and economic development is faced with stagnation. Besides, the traditional village culture is waning. For better conservation of Chinese rural cultural heritage and promotion of the re-construction of beautiful villages, a sustainable plan to protect traditional village is attracting more attention. Based on domestic and foreign case studies, this research attempts to establish a "trinity model” of planning and implementation which covers and unites three aspects: supervision operation and self-organization mechanism for village conservation. This paper in detail elaborates the framework and contents of this model, and rambles on the dominant roles of government, developers and villagers in the revival of traditional village. Specifically, government’s regulation is the guarantee of sustainable development, developers’ business operation is the driving force, and villagers’ self-organization is the endogenous force for future development of the village. Case study selects the traditional Village Clay Figure Wang in Wuhan City, as one representative of first batch of traditional villages in China, it has maintained a lot of intangible cultural heritage, and it is the cradle of clay sculpture making skill in Huangpi, which has a history of 1400 years. This article embarks from the village cultural inheritance, by analyzing the different functions and inter-reaction of the various roles in the revival of traditional village, to provide the revival of intangible traditional village culture with a practical planning implementation system.
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