Conservation and development methods of historic villages: a case study in China

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At the early stage of the conservation of historic towns and villages in China, government basically focused on protecting the material space. At that time, tourist industry did great effect to help the historic towns and villages to survive. But, in the process of the rapid urbanization in China, Some of them are turned into tourist attractions without control. The contradiction between protection and development become more and more significant. They are facing the problem: how to balance all the factors? This paper studied a typical case in Jiangsu province, China. Frist the paper summarized the general planning methods during the main stage of conservation development in China. Secondly, the paper studied the current status of the typical case, and generalized the problems under the current conservation planning system, such as lack of safeguard mechanism to carry out planning, stress of land-use transformation, excessive tourism economy, and losing of the traditional lifestyle. Thirdly, the paper analysed the need and effect of different members involved in this case. At last, to solve these problems and balance different kinds of need, the paper presented three planning methods: first, put tourism land-use outside the core protection area. Second, set up the environment protection area, to avoid the stress of sprawling of urban area. Third, develop suitable and small-scale commercial activities. And the paper put forward two strategies: firstly, government should pay more attention on the carrying out of the planning, and give more rights to the local groups. Secondly, carry out dynamic planning.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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