An overview of the major causes behind the low efficiency of light rail systems in Russian cities: the case study of the perm urban train project

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Like many other Russian cities, Perm - a city of slightly under one million inhabitants in the European part of Russia - suffers from sprawl, inadequate transportation system and consequent mobility problems. The population is scattered over the comparatively large area (Perm is the 6th largest Russian city in terms of area being only 13th in terms of population) and most of the remote areas of the city are not well integrated with the city centre. Being aware of the problem and seeking to improve the connectivity between different areas of the city local authorities have launched the project Perm Urban Train in 2004. The set up using the existing railway lines with an ambitious aspiration to become a skeleton of the city transport system. The goal, however, was not achieved so far. The paper years experience of Perm to develop its system of light rail trying to reveal the factors determined the project's modest performance and hampered its successful implementation. Based on the results of the analysis, optimisation steps and recommendations for further development of light rail system in Perm and other Russian cities are proposed.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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