Publication: Structural transformation and spatial inequality between north and south corridors of central java and Yogyakarta
This study is the preliminary research of spatial inequality in Central Java and Yogyakarta. Inequality within the same country occurred because of the differences in structural transformation at the same time in different regions. Java has two centers of growth, Jakarta and Surabaya. This two centers create an axis from west to east. This axis was started in 1808-1811 when the Dutch build the `Grote post weg´ connecting west Java (Anyer) to east Java (Panarukan) in the north coastal region of Java, later it was built until Banyuwangi. Among this two centers, Central Java plays as the `transit´ region. This study analyzes structural transformation using Location Quotient, to identify the shift away from agriculture to non-agriculture over the time intervals 1990 until 2000, 10 years before the decentralization policy was implemented and 10 years after it. Williamson Index is used to show the inequality trend between north and south corridors of Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces. This study shows that the transformation from agriculture to non-agriculture in north corridor implies a decline in the inequality trends. Many regions in south corridor are in primary sectors especially in agriculture and at the same time, the inequality goes up.
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