Publication: Visibility of Turkish immigrants in Amsterdam
Throughout history immigrants have always played a significant role in shaping the streetscape of Western European cities through their amenities, which are characteristic for the immigrant neighbourhoods. Some of the oldest examples of these are the Jewish and Chinese neighbourhoods located in many of the major cities like London, Paris, and Amsterdam. However, it was after the 1960s that the immigrants influenced and changed the cultural landscape of European cities the most. This was due to the arrival of labour migrants from Italy, Turkey, Greece, Morocco, Portugal, Tunisia and Yugoslavia to northern European countries as a result of trade recruitment. This happened to support the need of workers in labourintensive sectors due to the developing post-war economies (Vermeulen and Penninx 2000). The arrival of guest workers along with the migration from the post-colonial countries, later on followed by migration from the cold war areas, made a significant change in the demographic and spatial organization of major cities (Vermeulen and Penninx 2000). More the immigrants settled, stronger they became visible on the streetscape of European cities through their shops, restaurants, cafes and religious places. These amenities which have distinctive languages, signs, or ways of street uses that they generate, created characteristic immigrant neighbourhoods, recognized as, for example, African neighbourhoods, Turkish neighbourhoods, Surinamese neighbourhoods, and many others.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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