Responsibility of Social Cohesion for the Shelters Planning in Urban Residential Districts

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There may be higher risk for people during disaster when they are enjoying the varieties of convenient services with urbanization trends. Especially during natural calamities, of which properties are unexpected and rapid, it is more serious for losses of life and property. The shelters in residential districts are the important location which the residents can immediately utilize for safety once natural disaster or emergencies happen. So basing on the common safety interests, there are some responsibilities of all the residents for shelters planning in urban residential districts, which can make shelters be adequately utilized and reduce the losses during disaster. Social cohesion will be needed to realize this objective, which is reflected by the following aspects: firstly making the residents participate in improvement of the shelters planning according to their actual needs; secondly ensuring the facilities in shelters can operate well and the rescue can be effectively utilized. In this paper, the role of social cohesion on shelters planning in urban residential districts, which also included the routing maintenances and improvements of the shelters, was studied by basing on disaster psychology and anthropo-sociology, and the case study was applied by the in-depth interview and questionnaires. It was found that the more effectiveness of the social cohesion in the shelters planning was bad, and the more roles of the shelters would be played during the disaster and simultaneously the losses could be possibly reduced. Therefore, the social cohesion is important one of the considerations in the shelters planning.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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