From borgate to metro-boroughs. The changing claims for just planning in Rome

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The paper seeks a reflection upon the consequences of urban development on the practice of just planning. City change involves a complex reworking of the urban fabric, expanding boundaries, substituting people, and transforming places. Thus, the paper discusses the issue of justice in modern urban policies of Rome adopting a historical and geographical retrospective view. The overall purpose of the paper is in fact to offer a conceptual frame that may lead to a comparison. The first paragraph set the case for such a discussion, identifying the characters of a spatial model that articulates issues of justice and planning in different zones of the city. Just policies are a varied set of heterogeneous initiatives; consistently changing over time, inextricably woven to the political role of a collective agent. The second paragraph contrasts the struggle of an historic urban borgata, with the apparent quietness of a late metro-borough in the widespread city (Cremaschi, 2011), discussion of some contentious claims for urban justice. However, these are situated cases, and not immediately comparable. Their juxtaposition helps in fact to highlight, in the next paragraph, how the changing spatial scale alters their claims for justice in planning. Our main thesis is thus that a historical perspective is needed in order to discuss the issue of justice in modern urban policies; besides, the changing spatial scale and the current rescaling process, is profoundly altering the claims for justice in planning, putting citizens and planners in front of new challenges. In conclusion, the paper points out that a sort of centrifugal drive has in fact designed new geographies of spatial injustice. Today, fast growing municipalities deal with social conflicts, environmental concerns and cultural diversity in a piecemeal way, lacking both a general framework for interrogating urban change, and a collective actor to question its effects.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
spatial justice, urban change, metropolitan expansion
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