Exploring Equity Dimensions of Rail Transit Impact: A case study in a Chinese large city

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With both regeneration and development aims, public rail transit systems are continuing to be built or upgraded especially in those rapidly developing Asian cities with problems of congestion and decentralization. As it is widely acknowledged, the rail transit provides travel convenience (as its direct effects), and potentially also leads to land development, property price increase, economic and social changes (as its indirect effects). However, the regeneration effects of rail transit aggregate to exert different impacts on geographic locations and population groups. Disparities in social equity, in relation to public transport provision, arise because of different levels of accessibility. Moreover, value uplift of land and property price, change of physical and social environment, living cost and employment opportunity etc. also have diverse impacts on population groups. Transport provision can often fail to meet specific or even minimum needs in terms of social characteristics, ability, affordability, preference and attitudes. When distribution of impacts across spaces and groups has disproportionate benefits or burdens, the problem of inequity emerges. This research is applied in a newly emerging large city, Chongqing, in China. It aims to understand how the impact of rail transit on development and regeneration differs by location, assessing who gains and who loses from the value uplift associated with the transit investment, exploring the equity dimensions arising from the transit investment.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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