Spatial Requirements on University Sites of the 1960s and 1970s

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There is consensus in regional economic literature that urban structures are stimulating innovations by knowledge transfer. Creating knowledge is no longer exclusively generated by scientists but produced by combining practitioners, scientists, creatives and highly qualified manpower. Knowledge, particularly research and science knowledge, is available inside and outside the ‘laboratory’ and is created in different locations and conditions. Universities are grave components of cities relating to innovation, regional and global knowledge transfer and by responding to society shifts. Assuming that knowledge society has specific demands on space and urban structures, I argue that knowledge society causes spatial demands on university sites as well. The research project considers a special type of universities – the large-scaled campus universities, founded in the 1960s and 1970s outside the city centres. Challenges and measures for advancing the sites rise on different scales of urban design: constructional, spatial and strategic. Based on own research the speech gives answers on different levels: How do spatial conditions influence the inter-relation of university and society in context of innovation processes? According to social dynamics, university sites have changed under spatial and architectural aspects. Especially the campus universities of the 1960s/1970s do not meet the spatial demands of today’s knowledge society. Which measures of urban design help to stimulate interaction between ‘creatives’ to create knowledge and innovation? Regarding the local and regional policy, how can different stakeholders be involved in these processes to combine the interests and goals?
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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