Public spaces and urban culture in Saint-Louis of Senegal. Deterioration or disappearance of an Africa’s UNESCO site

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This paper collects some of the looks and thoughts arising within the framework of the project "Interuniversity cooperation in the management of sustainable tourism between Cape Verde, Mauritania, Senegal and the Canary Islands". It is an activity that took place in the framework of the European project of "University institutional strengthening of the Canary Islands and Africa (Senegal-Mauritania – Cape Verde) space: SEMACA", which belongs to the European programme of cooperation transnational Madeira-Azores-Canary Islands (MAC 2007-2013). We will focus in the case of the city of Saint-Louis in Senegal, at the mouth of the Senegal1 River, since its planning combines a historical past with strong French influence, with an urban morphology in grid and a building typology that has been awarded the recognition of world heritage of the UNESCO in the year 2000, in contrast to a peripheral urban growth out of the heritage area, where there is little control on its evolution. The city of Saint-Louis has experienced an exponential growth in its population in recent years, which has generated a rapid urbanisation where the coalescence of buildings is completely uncontrolled. It urban crisis, reflecting an economic crisis and a crisis in the finances of the state, is marked by a decline in socioeconomic indicators and a deterioration of living conditions and the health of its inhabitants, in a country where the management of cities is influenced by the predominant role of the State and its leader, standing over local authorities. Our research is orientated towards the theory and technique of the transformation of the anthropogenic transformation of space based on spatial planning, which includes tourism, sustainability and landscape, understood as necessary elements for achieving social, economic and environmental balance.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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