Explorations on the Activation Route of Gated Community Boundary Space based on Community Micro-Renovation : A case study of Shanghai

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Gated communities, as a typical residential morphology, are common in Chinese cities nowadays. Their features mainly include the planning and development of large plots and blocks and the use of gated fences to define the boundary of property rights. As a consequence, it is convenient for communities to achieve daily access control. However, the gated communities objectively produce an important number of negative community boundary spaces, which go against the vitality of urban streets. Since the causes of gated communities originate from deep social, economic, and cultural factors, the "open community" requirements proposed at the Chinese national level are difficult to implement effectively. The concept of "urban micro-invasive surgery" aims to create gradual, organic and small-scale interventions of renovation at the level of the community. On the premise of ensuring the rights and interests of the community residents, the community microrenovation process activates the community boundary space and integrates potential social capital. Moreover, it enhances the daily vitality of the community. Based on a community micro-renovation project conducted in Pudong New Area (Shanghai, China) and a sample survey of residents' satisfaction and willingness, this paper explores the possibility of transforming negative community boundary spaces into public spaces for residents' daily social interaction activities.
community micro-renovation, gated community, boundary space activation, social capital