The impact of European territorial cooperation and trans-European transport network policies on cross-border transport

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Although ambitious goals have been formulated and efforts have been made to contribute to a good inner European transport system, the effects of the borders are still observable: bottlenecks and inefficient cross-linked transport at borders are the hard facts within large parts of the EU. Crossborder transport is supported by two major EU policy sectors: Cohesion Policy and Transport Policy. Both programmes have been running in parallel, often without interlinkages. In the new funding period there are attempts to link these two EU policy fields in a better way and to avoid duplications (European Parliament and Council of the European Union 2013c). This is a challenging aim because the two policy fields have always had contradicting interests (Robert et al. 2001). Within this paper the contents and aims of EU policies are analysed by means of a document analysis as conducted in policy analyses (Jann and Wegrich 2003). Policies that address cross-border transport within the frame of the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) or European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) of the last (2007-2013) and current funding period (2014-2020) are taken into account with the purpose of analysing their aims and coordination. On that basis, the contribution of the ETC-policy to the establishment of the European transport network is evaluated. The paper concludes with recommendations on how the European cross-border transport can be improved by a further alignment of the two policy fields.
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