A Comparative Analysis of Local Climate Change Adaptation Plans for Natural Disaster Risk Reduction in South Korea

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As abnormal weather phenomena due to climate change globally continues, the frequency of natural disasters and human and economic losses from floods, typhoon, heatwaves and heavy snow are constantly increasing in South Korea. For the last ten years (2008~2017), the total disaster damage cost was expected to be about $3 billion in South Korea. In response, South Korea established climate change adaptation plans based on the Low Carbon and Green Growth Act enacted in 2010. Local governments adopted detailed implementation strategies to mitigate and adapt climate change based on water management, energy, health and natural disaster management since 2011. This study compared 218 local climate change adaptation plans regarding natural disaster reduction strategies. Using content analysis, this study evaluated natural disaster reduction strategies based on natural disaster types and the stage of disaster management. Moreover, this study examined the regional differences in priorities of natural disaster risk reduction strategies to implement through spatial analysis. The result of the analysis shows that the local climate change adaptation plans are mainly focused on the improvement and reinforcement of physical structures to prevent damage from typhoon and heavy rain in South Korea. This study is expected to provide keys and knowledge for basic local governments to establish the next climate change adaptation implementation plan.
climate change, natural disasters, local climate change adaptation plan, South Korea