Policies for affordable rentals in Germany and Sweden – how do housing policies get implemented in planning and realised in growing cities?

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Cities with a growing population are faced with the challenge to offer sufficient and adequate living space to all income groups. Those with medium to high incomes and a certain financial flexibility have of course bigger prospects to choose from a wider range of available housing offers within the cities. In contrast, for inhabitants with low to medium incomes, it’s getting increasingly complicated to have access to affordable rentals, since the increasing demand for housing, e.g. because of the raise of single households, leads to rising prices and to a shortage of low-cost rental apartments. Further, increasing income differences and a large influx of refugees put extra pressure on the sector. That trend is well known to decision makers in housing policy in almost all European countries. In order to develop appropriate housing conditions for all inhabitants and to ensure equal living space conditions, housing policies are formulated on federal and state level. For instance, suppliers as well as demanders of rental apartments get support by financial subsidies like housing benefits or tax amortisations. Furthermore, the cities are requested to implement housing policies into their urban residential planning documents.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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