New legislation about illegal construction in Greece. The effect of economic crisis

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This presentation is the most recent one from a series of presentations and papers of this author, about illegal construction in Europe, and particularly in Greece. Every new piece of related work in the last 15 years dealt with new developments in relative legislation, policies, and implementations. This particular one is of special importance, since it deals with this issue but under exceptional circumstances –the severe economic crisis, which affected priorities and objectives of legislation. Illegal construction seems to be an inherent element of Greek urban history. It has definitely affected the shape and function of Greek cities from the past to the present. Urban and rural areas throughout the country have been suffering by the old and widespread phenomenon of illegal constructions. This has been the main and most visible factor of leading to environmental degradation. Some 93,000 legal and 31,000 illegal houses and apartments were constructed each year in Greece between 1991 and 2001. Most of them were in Attica and along the coastline (Technical Chamber of Greece, 2004). Since early 1980s, efforts have been made to face the problem of illegal construction, through the production of a series of laws and decrees. Usually, a much elaborated –but also complex and often rigid- legal framework had been synthesized, implemented, and replaced by a new one, and most of the times without any evaluation of the up to then implementation. In the meantime, research on the subject proved that the phenomenon of illegal construction continued exhibiting the same intensity, with periodic subsidence and peaks -after the inaction of a new law, and respectively, when the implementation of it faded because of bureaucratic procedures and political interventions.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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