Urban Resilience to Disasters: A Policy Case from Turkey

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Due to continuous increase of world urban population and urbanization rates, cities are confronting many challenges and problems as over-consumption of the resources, the impacts of global warming, climate change and natural disasters. With the increased concentrations of people and commodities in cities, risks and vulnerabilities are also increasing. This has resulted in the development of new visions for cities to overcome the adverse impacts like achieving disaster resilience or becoming a resilient city. Resilience notion, by covering coping and adapting capacities in multiple aspects of ecological, social, economic, community and governance, also help to connect disaster risk management and envisioning sustainability within cities with several public policies and community-based movements. Disaster resilience is described as a set of actions for preventing the possible losses and reducing risks while increasing the capacity to recover when facing any disturbances like disasters. In this respect, resilience thinking in urban planning helps to understand the capacities, vulnerabilities, risks, to connect multiple aspects with each other and to build or enhance capacity in a systematic way. This paper that is based on the MSc research study seeks to identify the relationship between urban regeneration policies and disaster resilience by using the Turkish Law no.6306 “Transformation of Areas Under Disaster Risk”. For this reason, the law and its regulations were analyzed by using urban resilience to disasters framework. Based on the findings of the study it could be asserted that the Turkish urban regeneration experiences reflect that the policy instruments of the Law like “risky areas, risky buildings and reserve areas” are as a way of disaster risk mitigation including protective, preventive and transformative measures which contributes to the reduction of vulnerabilities, addressing different dimension of resilience yet with several limitations and challenges.
Resilience, Disaster Resilience, Urban Regeneration, Turkish Law no.6306