The Gap of Climate Adaptation Development of the Spatial Planning System in Taiwan: How the Multilevel Planning Agencies Respond to Climate Risk

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Recognizing that climate risk is a real threat to the environment and society, spatial planning plays a key role in developing adaptation policy responses as well as in integrating the territorial or spatial impacts of governmental sectoral policies. Planning for adaptation through policy intervention will speed up the implementation of climate risk management. Taiwan is situated in a region in which 73% of the population living in more than three natural disaster impact zones. How to cope with climate varieties more locally and increase national adaptive capacity becomes an important issue for public and private sectors and actors. To incorporate the concept of risk management into the supportive legislation, plan making, and procedures at different spatial levels across a range of time scales is the adaptation approach in spatial planning system. This paper uses a framework to elaborate how and what types of intervention in planning institution has been adopted or adjusted with case study in Taiwan. Two barriers in the stages of planned adaptation are multilevel governance and land use management. These barriers arise from the existed problems in spatial planning system and affect the effectiveness, efficiency, equity and legitimacy embedded in adaptation decision-making.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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