A study on the action mechanism of conservation laws and policies for historic towns and villages in China

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In the past 30 years, the conservation of historical and cultural towns and villages in China has greatly developed. On the one hand, this paper reviewed the development, laws and policies system, and action mechanism of the conservation of historical and cultural towns and villages. First, the development of the conservation can be divided into three stages: the beginning stage, the national level conservation stage, and the legal system construction stage. Second, in policy respect, a policy system basing on two laws one ordinance was introduced, including 2 national laws, one national ordinance, several ministerial rules and regulations and over 100 local policies. Third, in conservation mechanism respect, a system of policies was introduced, including historical and cultural towns and vi application and approving, conservation planning, administration and financial support. On the other hand, shortages in the conservation were indicated. First, there is lack of ministerial and local policies focus on towns and villages. Second, there are too many administrative government departments and the conservation efficiency is low. Third, there is lack of sustainable development guidance, such as economy, society, population and culture. And these are the fields to be improved.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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