The collective spaces system in coastal areas planning – the importance of building a theoretical framework of evaluation of the approach of different tools

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The specialised literature links the collective spaces system (SEC, in its Portuguese abbreviation) to: the foundation that structures the urbanized areas; the network that coordinates the different aspects of urbanisation, relating them to each other; the set of spaces the individual travels and from which he interprets and understands the city; the grid which organizes the building and which endures beyond it; an urban value, able to trigger, on its own, other economic or cultural processes, leading to investment and local initiatives; a driving force of local experiences; and the pillar of a Corbusian balance. Thus, inter alia, – for reasons relating to: the need of structuring the urbanized areas; the urgency of coordinating and relating the constituent aspects of urbanisation; the importance of providing interpretation to the city; the significance of organising the building; the promotion of local initiatives and local experiences; and the urban improvement itself – the role of the SEC in planning should be, nowadays, a central issue of debate. In coastal areas, where – due to agricultural productivity, fishery or energy production, or even for reasons relating to infrastructure concentration, cultural heritage and these spaces potential for touristic and leisure activities – the concentration of population is 3 ultimately significant, this debate becomes all the more important. However, despite the fact that coastal areas planning tools have been directing a multitude of operations for the improvement of collective use spaces in these areas, these measures' contribution regarding the planning of the above areas is still unknown. Furthermore, upon consideration of thirty nine coastal areas planning tools, evidences that the improvement of collective use spaces has been promoted with environmental protection goals were, predominantly, found. If these evidences are verified, then limitations might arise with respect to the contribution of these tools for the coastal areas planning. This article aims to highlight the need of building a theoretical framework which, when applied to different cases and contexts, allows us to undertake this evaluation.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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