The role of public space in the recent transformations of mexico city. from protagonist to forgotten actor

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In recent years, the topic of public space has taken a lot of force, leading to discussion with different perspectives in forums of international importance and intertwining it with issues of urban planning, culture, economy, politics, disasters or morphology to name a few. Its recent relevance is not only because of its new consideration as a subject of study, but mainly because of its importance in practice, that is, due to its use, function and design with the main focus of caring for the human being in his daily life in the city. In the 21st century, the public space is known in different ways, it can vary according to culture and territory (different practices in each city), as well as in the form: parks, squares, gardens, streets or public institutional spaces. The complexity of its study does not depend on its approach, but on the integration of several approaches to address the reality of the city. In this sense, the urban processes that transform the society also impose new trends for the public space, that is, the economic, political, technological and cultural transformations are captured in the public space as a reflection of a changing society with demands that go at great speed. With the assumption that it is essential for urban studies to include different approaches, and to pay attention to the processes that transform the city, three views are taken into account for the understanding and analysis of the public space: 1. The social vision in the human sense of habitability, i.e. the human condition of public space, 2. The inclusive vision regarding physical and social aspects of the public space and 3. Finally a vision in the globalized sense of the trends reflected in the space.
Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Spaces of Dialog for Places of Dignity, Lisbon, 11-14th July, 2017
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