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Eco-city planning conditioned by the growth ideology: The case of Copenhagen

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2015
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AESOP
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This paper aims to investigate how the eco-city planning is framed and conditioned by the growth ideology and propose an alternative urban development and planning for long-term sustainability inspired by the degrowth paradigm. Setting well-being, ecological sustainability and social equity as the goals of societal development, the degrowth paradigm differs from the growth paradigm in how to interpret and achieve them. Drawing on this distinction as a conceptual framework, this paper scrutinizes how the current growth-oriented planning for the Copenhagen Eco-metropolis in Denmark functions as a hindrance to the transformation to real sustainability. An agenda for reorienting eco-city planning towards degrowth is laid out by focusing on the purposes of planning and strategies for urban development in the domains of land use, housing and transportation. The paper concludes with pointing out the capitalist economic structure as the fundamental reason for the growth ideology embedded in eco-city planning and suggesting a degrowth alliance with urban planners to confront it.
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Book of proceedings: Annual AESOP Congress, Definite Space – Fuzzy Responsibility, Prague, 13-16th July, 2015
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