Landscape and Ecological Networks in Urban Planning: Technical Standards for Implementation
This paper proposes a reflection on the possible role of landscape and ecological networks within the local urban planning practices. We are faced with a constant population growth in cities and peri-urban and marginal areas are increasingly subject to environmental degradation. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and recognize the ecological values of the environment to define plans and natural resources. This contribution, starting from some pilots conducted in Piedmont Region, reflects about the urban planning operational paradigms, the importance of green infrastructures and ecological quality for sustainable and resilient city is sustained by a proposal of local planning regulations. The paper aims to tackle the quest for a new form of implementation based on the integration of the approaches to planning the urban and ecological problems with the aim of ensuring complete compatibility between urban transformation and the demands for environmental quality. The ecological regulations described in this paper propose an evolution of the meaning of the planning schemes, especially those applicable to green space: the regulations in fact consider the collective use of green infrastructures as a crucial requisite, while according priority nonetheless to the role of private areas as an invaluable factor in the environmental regeneration of urban tissue. Therefore, this contribution focuses on an innovative model of planning and management at the local scale, the role of ecosystem services, the relationship between biodiversity of the ecological network structural areas and periurban and agricultural residual ecological areas to be strengthened to improve connectivity between ecosystems.
Ecological Networks, Regional and Urban Planning, Planning standards, Ecological Regulations