Regional Transition, Territorial Differentiation, Composition for sustainable trajectory
The art to compose social transactions, environmental transactions have progressed with the explicit method of negotiation and mediation on the common project (Forester, 1999). Social knowledge and policy planning could progress when they specify how the different transactions can be combined so to reinforce the requirements of sustainability on a territory. The construction of public policies have made possible to integrate these contradictory pressures inside a public policy who may stabilize the space of negotiation. The case of Venice Marghera demonstrated in the 1990 the social capability to articulate two levels of negotiation, between city council and polluting enterprises, between Unions, enterprise and National government on the stages a of depollution and new technic of refinery. The main analytical question intends to integrate the local public actions inside an articulated public policy (Crosta,1999) The current process of sustainable transition is involved after 2015 in a new period with a diversity of local actions for sustainability. They have to be composed with parallel actions and policies, researching some convergence. In the french case of Loire Atlantic, we may identify three type of transitional territories, each one develop his own conception of ecological transitions. Urban metropolis transition demonstrates his capacity of coordination on the economy of energy and management of risks inside a coordinate model of sustainable urban development. Municipal and institutional coordination are supporting the extension of urban environmental transactions Countryside territories support the land protection but they require extended mobility, and are also reluctant to the economy of energy facing the gasoline struggle. Peripheral territory are struggling between precarious life styles, urban consumption and constraint of mobility. At the regional level the coordination of action by explicit public politics, require more flexibility in a federative combination between differentiated territorial actions. Some conflicts emerge between urban and rural population, between stable and precarious population v workforce are developing at regional level. The institutional innovation have to be combined with their planning capacity so to support purposive trajectories of development.
Sustainable pathways, Institutional Coordination, Community of Risks