Setting up the new planning system in Kosovo - evolution and influences in the development

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This paper analyses the evolution of the Kosovo Planning System and the influences in the planning practice and development. It looks back in the period of socialism when planning was established and the overall context after the wars in the Western Balkans by identifying similarities and differences of the planning system in the former Yugoslavia and the shift from a centralized administrative to a democratic system after the war in Kosovo in 1999. The author investigates the role of the international actors, in particular UN Habitat, in setting up the planning system, institutional development, capacity building as well as exercising planning tasks in the practice from 2000-2013. The paper analyzes also the impacts of the shifts in 2013 influenced by the World Bank towards a more liberal planning system and development. The paper explores roles of main local actors in planning, including Kosovo government and the municipalities, international as well as local agencies and civil society organizations in promoting the relevance of planned development and necessary changes in the spatial planning policies. Through the evidence based research the paper intends to measure the outcomes of the plans at central and local planning level throughout the territory of Kosovo.
Spatial planning system, Department of Spatial Planning, Institute for Spatial PlanningUN-Habitat, Kosovo Spatial Plan