Residential Stock Reconfiguration at Neighbourhood Level: from building retrofitting to sustainable development

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gases, including carbon dioxide, have already consigned the planet to an increase in average temperature of the Earth in recent years that may exceed the critical threshold of numerous unmanageable and irreversible consequences, such as abrupt change in the climate system (Espinosa, 2006). The effect of natural variability and, more importantly, human activities on global warming of our planet is the subject of a huge number of recent studies in the course of the past twenty years (Dietz et al., 1997), (Ramanathan et al., 2001), (Karl et al., 2003) & (McMichael et al., 2006). This has created a worldwide debate on this subject which is emphasizing the need for long-term reductions of CO2 emissions by various methods, especially through increased energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, and many other lowcarbon strategies. Moreover, among the entire man-made factors resulting in CO2 emissions, infrastructures and specifically building stocks are considered to be one of the most effective of all (According to USGBC and Architecture2030 in the United States). On the other hand, the physical infrastructure in our neighbourhoods requires continual maintenance, repair, and significant upgrading to avoid falling into disrepair which causes economic, environmental and social costs. In doing so, in an integrated approach, we have the opportunity to address climate change adaptation, deliver reliable and efficient transport networks, improve health and well-being, secure a healthy natural environment, improve long-term housing supply, maximize employment opportunities and make our communities safer, more cohesive and more sustainable.
Sustainability in heritage protected areas : Book of Proceedings of the 5th AESOP European Urban Summer School Tours, France, from 1st – 8th September 2014
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