Sustainable and connected infrastructure networks and urban regions – transition towards integrated planning of urban nodes on TEN-T corridors
Achieving a smart, green and integrated transport system is essential for the (social) economic and environmental vitality of European urban regions. In order to better integrate urban nodes into TEN-T corridors, the challenges of multimodal connections between long-distance and last-mile transport have to be tackled from both freight and passengers’ perspective. Different spatial scales, modalities, sectors and stakeholders have to be taken into account when improving mobility, infrastructure and spatial development in both urban nodes and corridors. To tackle these challenges a research programme has been developed, supported by EU’s Horizon2020 (Vital Nodes), which analyses best practices, experiences and opportunities in various urban nodes in Europe. This paper addresses the approach deployed by the Vital Nodes-project to integrate investments in mobility, infrastructure and urban development from (inter)national/corridor, regional and local perspectives. To this end, the paper discusses results from case studies in urban nodes as Gothenburg, Vienna, Rotterdam, Genova, Strasbourg, Turku, Hamburg, Budapest and Mannheim and related TEN-T corridors, including an analysis addressing their main challenges. The paper concludes by exploring the main elements of such transition that will improve the integration of urban areas into the TEN-T corridors and the vitality of the urban regions of tomorrow.
integrated spatial and infrastructure planning, multi-modal infrastructure, multi-level governance, urban nodes