Development planning and evaluation: stakeholders, vision, actions

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Since his existence, man has made plans1. In the very beginning, planning was about solving existential issues – the need for food and a place to shelter. Ancient nations (Greek, Romans and others) planned towns in the widest sense of the word, the management of space, land, ownership and providing services to citizens2. They planned places in which they lived, streets as corridors of movement, squares as festive places/ places of celebrations, pyramids in which people were buried. They also cared about the living space (habitat), art-cultural and sport facilities and economic activities, aiming at managing all aspects of people’s life (Đokić et al., 2010). Therefore some notion of planning is known to any reader even with only a basic idea of what it encompasses; today it is almost impossible to live without a prepared or at least roughly sketched plan. Everyday life is characterised by planning. We plan how much time we want to spend sleeping, which food we will eat, how we are going to spend our leisure time, whether we have sufficient sources to ensure basic living needs, etc. It is therefore not surprising that planning is the basis for the efficient management of much more complex systems such as schools, hospitals, firms, towns, ministries, and finally states.
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