Research on the Implementation Mechanism of Privately Owned Public Space——Planning Implementation of the Publicly Transferred Land in Fuzhou City 2008-2017
Public space is the core content of urban planning. Privately Owned Public Space refers to the contractual control of urban planning management through the land development process, by stipulating the land development rights (preconditions) to open the part of the space to the public. Privately owned public space separate the property rights from use rights of the land and provide public space through space sharing, taking the advantage of the cost control by the enterprises and property owners. The provision of the privately owned public space includes incentive zoning and prescriptive regulation. Incentive zoning is a kind of transaction behavior between the public interest represented by the government and private interests represented by private developers. Prescriptive regulation is the establishment of rules and regulations by the land transfer mechanism and property rights system, which is realized through cost transfer and space sharing. The empirical study on the implementation of the public space for private property rights for public land transfer in Fuzhou City shows that through appropriate institutional design, peace and harmony between public and private can be achieved, and the quantity, quality and service effect of public space can be improved. In the transition period of urban development, it provides a new possibility for the construction of public space in other cities.
public space, implementation mechanism, planning, property right