A Multilevel Urban Landscape Measurement for Zoning Control – A case study of Gushan Kaohsiung in Taiwan
The zoning control in Taiwan is a legal regulation on land that emphasizes binding land use and density rather than landscape shaping of neighborhood, place, district etc. The current system of zoning and urban design guidelines in Taiwan lacks the perspective of urban landscape and results in high similarity of building and street-block’s fabrics. The purpose of the study is to provide perspectives of urban landscape, architecture, street-network configuration for enhancing the ability of zoning control and urban design guidelines to describe and control urban form in Taiwan. This article firstly presents quantitative measurements to describe urban form and activities in the scales of streets, plots, blocks, and places. Three measurements are Choice measure of Space Syntax, building density measure by Spacemate, and land-use mixture level of Mixed-use Index (MXI). The data is obtained from the field survey into the detail of building form, uses of every floor, gross floor area of each land parcel of study area, Gushan District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. The result supports the information of building density, choice measure, land-use mixture levels in the scales of cadastral land parcels, blocks and places. The measurements and comprehensive classification from the overlay analysis help urban design guidelines of zoning control with the landscape perspective.
Spacemate, Space Syntax, Zoning control, Urban Landscape