Reading the city through the lens of urban standards. The case of Ponticelli, East Naples

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In occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Decree 1444/68, an intense debate has refocused the attention to the original tension of the Law towards the right of the city. By the application of the Decree it has be possible to reconstruct a new geography of Italy, variegated and diversified. In this scenario, the south of Italy is conspicuous by its lack of equipment, that can’t permit an evaluation of the social impact because it’s an interrupted process. The purpose of the present study is to observe and analyse how the spatial welfare system of southern Italy has been built, examining the study case Ponticelli, in the eastern periphery of Naples. Through the outline of two stories, it will investigate the construction of the public city in the degraded areas, among tensions and social inequalities. The first one is an institutional tale, which looks at the process of application of the decree; the second on is an informal tale, which reads the practices and the processes of use and appropriation of these lands. Thus, the current paper aims to rethink about the validity of the normative tool in an urban and social condition characterised by continuous and uncertain evolution. Additionally, the research attempts to find alternative and spontaneous forms, bordering illegal practices that can be found in urban areas, in absence of public intervention, such as subsidiary processes of guarantee of the right to the city.
urban planning standards, urban practices, land reserves