Suitable renewal and space organization methods of historic town in the transition period: a case study in China
China’s urban planning and construction have stepped into a transition period, with three major characters, which are transitions “from efficiency demand to humanity demand”, “from perceptual planning to rational planning”, and “from incremental expansion to inventory planning”, this bring new demands to urban space planning, especially historic towns in China. The previous planning approaches caused some problems to historic towns, some of them were turned into tourist attractions, some of them were abandoned by natives. Most of them are facing the problems: how to develop sustainably with the consideration of the natives? How to demonstrate cultural heritage in a proper way? With the demands of transition period, this paper studied a typical historic town in Jiangsu province, China. First, this paper summarized the three characters of the transition period of China. Then through the study on the typical case, the paper summarized the problems caused by the previous planning approaches, which were missing of the original life pattern, narrow use of resources and inefficient use of public space. In order to solve these problems systematically, studies were made on three key parts “resource understanding”, “function activation”, and “space organization”. Firstly, on resource comprehensive understanding aspect, multi-dimensional resource understanding and excavation system were construct, which expanded resource understanding ideas, and offered resource discovery system, to adjust the old perspective of economic optimality. Secondly, on function activation and implantation aspect, a function activation system taking people and value as the double core was construct, which expanded function organization ideas, and offered a function activation system. Thirdly, on coupled spatial renewal aspect, an embedded planning model facing urban renewal was construct, which condensed spatial renewal main points, and improved renewal planning ideas.
historic town, resource understanding, function activation, space organization