Metropolitan Governance in Mexico: The Institutions

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Metropolitan Areas in Mexico are the result of the process that has led world population in general and of Mexico in particular to settle in urban areas. However, citizen participation in metro planning processes has been uneven through time, particularly for vulnerable groups. Therefore, this article analyses the relationships between local governments and the actors of civil organized society using as categories for the analysis, modes of governance considering: key decision makers, public-private relationships, and the key instruments that govern the processes of planning the metropolis. A three-step analysis is conducted: 1) Descriptions of context and background; 2) Revisions of adopted laws; and 3) Participation of organized groups of society in the decision-making process for metropolitan planning. This "chain of evidence” is used to explain two case studies in a narrative sequence: Guadalajara and Monterrey metropolitan areas. The research structure also allows characterizing some common stages of planning processes in both cities ranging from State Governments led planning, to the appearance of the federal Government in urban planning arena, to the fragmented planning by municipal governments of the metropolitan areas, to the emergence of coordination and municipal association, to the reappearance of the federal government in the metropolitan planning arena.
Metropolitan governance, metropolitan planning, Mexico