Walking in Shanghai : street planning and design based on walkability

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In the process of rapid urbanization, urban traffic emphasizes the development of motorization and neglects the important health effects of non-motorized transportation systems. The impact of automobile traffic on urban ecological environment and walking environment cannot be ignored. This not only causes serious air pollution, but also leads to a decline in the health of residents. Before the car became popular, walking was the most important way for city residents to go out. Residents walk not only to reach their destination, but also to socialize and exercise on the road. Improving the walking environment will enable people to choose more green ways of travel. It allows them to communicate with others while walking, which helps the residents' mental health and enhance community cohesion. This paper explores the importance of walking ability to improve the health of urban residents, and points out that walking cities are an important part of building a healthy city. By studying the practice and design guidelines for improving the walking environment in Europe and the United States, and using Shanghai as a case, explore how to transform an international city into a livable and healthy city. And what are the shortcomings in Shanghai's current street design guidelines.
walkability, healthy city planning, walking environment