Spatial Evolution Characteristics and the Planning Coordination Mechanism of Cross-border Regions in Rescaling
Since 1980s, the transformation of industry production and migration in the process of globalization has triggered the reorganization of “scales”. Furthermore, the space rescaling has spawned the phenomenon of “cross-border area”, which has been a “softer” and flexible functional region. Space and governance are two important attributes to analyze cross-border area. This paper try to sort out the cross-border regional evolution of Hong Kong, Macau and the Pearl River Delta Region. The development of this area could be divided into spontaneous period (1978-1997), transition period (1997-2003) and official period (2003-2019). Research shows that: Firstly, in terms of spatial change, the industrial space were the forerunner, traffic links were followed almost at the same time. The ecology space was not valued until the official period. The social spatial connection, however, has not yet been established. Secondly, the governance has been developed from informal to the formal one. Planning and coordination mechanisms have been adjusted for many times. Formal contacts have been established through inter-governmental relations adjustment and multiple regional planning controls. In conclude, the empirical research proves that the “space-governance” model is efficient. The model might be effective in governing the rescaling region and ensuring coordination between multiple policy levels and administrative units.
Rescaling, Regional Coordination, Cross-Border Area