Participation and Communication: Changsha Children Friendly City Planning, Design and Actions on Multiple Levels
The main social contradictions in China have been transformed into the contradiction between the people's growing need for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development. Citizen engagement on planning and design need to be boarder and deeper. Introverted, “top-down” ways are transforming into more open, communicative and participative approaches. In the making of CFC process, Changsha has gradually explored a set of method and tools in multi-level planning and design, which embeds communication and participation into three-levels: macro, meso and micro. Planning and design now pay more attention to each individual citizen in the city than to the abstract population indicators in the past. It is becoming a more open and democratic process, so that citizens have more ways of communication and participation. This paper hopes Changsha experience will be helpful to more communicative and participatory planning and design in the future.
Participatory planning, Children friendly city